Core reminder: On February 3, the reporter learned from the latest phase of the latest substandard imported food and cosmetics information released by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine. In December 2014, there were 359 batches of imported food and cosmetics that were found to have problems. Many batches of imported dairy products are on the black list. Statistics show that in the list of unqualified imported dairy products from October 2013 to November 2014, a total of 430 batches of dairy products were unqualified.
Problems detected in multiple batches of imported dairy products
my country will add a number of heavy metal tests and implement dynamic management of overseas registered dairy companies
On February 3, the reporter learned from the new phase of the latest substandard imported food and cosmetics information released by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine that in December 2014, there were 359 batches of imported food and cosmetics with problems, including imported dairy products. There are many batches of blacklists. Statistics show that in the list of unqualified imported dairy products from October 2013 to November 2014, a total of 430 batches of dairy products were unqualified.
In order to ensure food safety, this year my country will increase the control of imported dairy products, increase the testing of multiple heavy metal elements for non-first imported dairy products, and will also strengthen supervision of overseas production bases, and establish overseas enterprise registration management and port inspections The quarantine linkage mechanism enables timely retrospective analysis of problems discovered, and measures such as risk warning, tightened supervision, and deregistration for registered companies.
Ou Zhikui, reporter from Nanfang Daily
430 batches of imported dairy products a year are unqualified
The reporter saw from the latest list of unqualified imported foods and cosmetics released by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine. In December last year, there were 359 batches of unqualified imported foods and cosmetics, including imported dairy products, such as the Baolai brand from Australia. A total of 528 kg of non-fat modified milk was unqualified because of "exceeding the shelf life"; a total of 123.84 kg of low-fat milk from the Black Forest UHT grazing from Germany was unqualified because of "label failure"; Seoul, South Korea A total of 2340 kg of daily cream was unqualified because of "exceeding the shelf life"; 2 batches of Yourutiandi infant formula from Germany, a total of 21.6 kg, were unqualified because of the illegal use of chemical substances L-tyrosine and L-color Acid...
It is not new that multiple batches of imported dairy products are found to be unqualified. In the list of imported unqualified food and cosmetics published by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine in the past, there are multiple batches of imported dairy products from various countries on the black list every month. Attention. According to the statistics of Xinhua Food, in the list of unqualified imported dairy products from October 2013 to November 2014 published by the State Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (hereinafter referred to as the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine), there are 430 imported dairy products from 34 countries and regions. Batches of dairy products were unqualified. Among them, New Zealand, France, and Australia detected 60 batches, 43 batches, and 32 batches respectively, ranking first, fourth, and sixth, respectively. It is 13.95%, 10.00%, 7.44%.
In Guangdong, the unqualified detection rate of imported dairy products is also high. The reporter learned from the Guangdong Inspection and Quarantine Bureau that from January to October 2014, a total of 343 batches of unqualified imported dairy products were detected in the area under the jurisdiction of the Guangdong Bureau, of which 312 batches that did not meet the relevant requirements of my country’s national food safety standards accounted for 91%. Eligibility includes excessive microbiological standards, excessive use of food additives, exceeding shelf life, decay and deterioration, and failure to obtain approval for entry of animals and plants.
The reporter checked the blacklist published by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine in 2014 and found that the reasons for the unqualified imported dairy products include the illegal use of chemical substances, the expiration date, the total number of colonies exceeded the standard, the E. coli exceeded the standard, and the copper and selenium trace element content did not meet the country Standards etc.
Yan Weixing, deputy director of the National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, pointed out that foreign milk powder also has certain quality problems, and the standards are based on the physique of the locals, and are not very suitable for the physique of the Chinese. "Milk powder in various countries is based on different standards in the production process. For added substances in milk powder, some countries allow it to be added, but our country may not allow it according to the national conditions." Yan Weixing said.
Continue to strengthen the supervision of imported dairy products
It is understood that as people's requirements for the quality of life continue to escalate, the demand for domestic and foreign dairy products continues to increase. According to information from the Ministry of Commerce, my country’s dairy products imports have maintained a growth rate of more than 20% in the previous five years, up to 37% in 2013 and 17.9% again in 2014. In 2013, my country imported 1.827 million tons of dairy products, of which imported milk powder 854,400 tons. However, at the same time, some problematic foreign products have also increased to our country.
In order to ensure the food safety of imported dairy products for domestic consumption, following the implementation of the new imported dairy product supervision and management measures last year, my country required the implementation of "batch inspection" and "item inspection". This year my country once again raised the entry threshold for imported dairy products. . On February 3, the reporter learned from the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine that the Bureau recently issued an announcement on adjusting the implementation requirements of the Measures for the Supervision and Administration of Import and Export Dairy Inspection and Quarantine. The new announcement has two obvious adjustments to the inspection and quarantine of imported dairy products: 1. The scope of quarantine approval has been added, and the second is the adjustment of inspection report items.
Among them, the new regulations increase the type of imported milk that needs to go through quarantine approval procedures-the raw materials of milk-based infant formula food base powder. At the same time, in addition to raw milk, raw dairy products, and pasteurized milk that need to go through quarantine approval procedures, pasteurized milk The prepared milk produced and processed by the sterilization process will soon be added to the ranks of the quarantine approval procedures, and the "quarantine permit" must be submitted.
The new regulations also partially modify the items specified in the inspection report provided for non-first-time imported dairy products. On the one hand, reduce the test items such as nutritional components in dairy products, such as all other dairy products except milk powder and modified milk powder retained protein items, whey powder and whey retained protein items, milk-based infant formula food retained protein items and fat items The testing items related to protein, fat, and acidity have been cancelled; on the other hand, the testing of heavy metals has been increased, paying more attention to the food safety of the people. For example, pasteurized milk, sterilized milk, modified milk, and fermented milk add lead, mercury, arsenic, and chromium four heavy metal test items; cream, butter, and anhydrous butter add lead test items; milk powder and modified milk powder add arsenic , Chromium and lead testing items; arsenic and chromium testing items have been added to bovine colostrum powder.
Industry insiders pointed out that this time the country has adjusted the requirements for the inspection and quarantine of imported and exported dairy products, the requirements are more clear and the standards are more detailed. In this regard, the inspection and quarantine department reminded relevant import and export enterprises: starting from February 1 this year, the imported modified milk produced and processed by the pasteurization process should go through the quarantine approval procedures in advance; from May 1 this year, the inspection When importing dairy products for the first time, the test report submitted should meet the requirements; when applying for inspection for the first import of dairy products, the test report of the items listed in the national food safety standard of the corresponding product must still be provided as required.
Irregular inspections will be conducted on registered companies
In addition, the reporter discovered that this year my country's strengthened supervision of imported dairy products, in addition to adding a number of inspections when entering the country, has also added many new measures to the supervision of midstream overseas production bases. The General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine stated at a routine press conference held recently that as of December 31, 2014, 1,836 dairy production companies in 29 countries had been approved for registration, including 64 infant formula milk powder production companies.
In order to guarantee the quality and safety of imported dairy products from the source, the CNCA stated that the next step will be to implement dynamic management of registered companies, conduct irregular inspections and effectiveness evaluations of registered companies, strengthen supervision during and after the event; establish overseas company registration management and The linkage mechanism of port inspection and quarantine, timely retrospective analysis of problems found, and corresponding measures such as risk warning, tightening supervision, and deregistration for registered enterprises; strengthening cooperation with overseas authorities and timely reporting of overseas registered enterprises and their product information , To supervise and urge them to implement overseas regulatory responsibilities; carry out technical seminars on overseas registration review, improve the pertinence of on-site inspection and registration review, and enhance the effectiveness of risk prevention and control.
It is reported that since May 1 last year, my country has stipulated that dairy products produced by overseas production enterprises that have not been registered shall not be imported. Last year, the relevant departments of our country also organized experts to analyze the quality and safety of dairy products in 47 exporting countries with trade records, and formulated implementation rules and work guidelines; evaluated the sanitary conditions and internal control systems of overseas production companies, and implemented the export State official regulatory responsibility.